SUWANEE, Ga., Feb. 14, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — ARRIS International plc (NASDAQ: ARRS) today announced preliminary and unaudited financial results for the fourth quarter and full year 2017.

Fourth Quarter 2017 Financial Highlights

  • Revenues were $1.739 billion
  • GAAP net income was $0.07 per diluted share
  • Adjusted net income (a non-GAAP measure) was $0.88 per diluted share
  • End-of-quarter cash resources were $511 million
  • $50 million of share repurchases
  • $822 million of cash resources used to complete Ruckus Networks acquisition
  • Order backlog was $1.1 billion
  • Book-to-bill ratio was 1.02

“Our strong fourth quarter results capped a year in which we made important strategic and financial strides in positioning ARRIS for long-term profitable growth,” said Bruce McClelland, ARRIS CEO.  “A favorable product mix helped drive record quarterly non-GAAP earnings, and we achieved sequential profitability improvement throughout the year, while returning nearly $200 million in capital to shareholders via share repurchases.  The recently closed Ruckus acquisition is already contributing to results and creates a more compelling, diversified platform for growth as we deliver innovative connectivity solutions across the enterprise and service provider markets.” 

“With respect to the first quarter 2018, we are estimating revenues in the range of $1.575 billion to $1.625 billion.  We expect GAAP net loss per diluted share in the range of $(0.43) to $(0.38) and adjusted net income per diluted share in the range of $0.50 to $0.55.  For full year 2018, we expect revenues to be in the range of $7.100 billion to $7.350 billion, GAAP net income per diluted share in the range of $0.48 to $0.73, and adjusted net income per diluted share to be in the range of $2.80 to $3.05.  We expect our 2018 performance to be driven by our new Enterprise segment, expanded Network and Cloud share, growing international sales, and continued shift to broadband in our CPE business.”

ARRIS will host its 2018 Investor Day on Wednesday, March 28, 2018 at The Westin New York at Times Square.    Registration for the event can be found at the Company’s website in the Investor Relations section.

Revenues in the fourth quarter 2017 of $1.739 billion were down $20 million, or 1%, as compared to fourth quarter 2016 revenues of $1.759 billion.  Fourth quarter 2017 revenues were up $10 million, or 1%, as compared to third quarter 2017 revenues of $1.729 billion. Full year 2017 revenues were $6.614 billion, down $215 million, or 3%, as compared to the full year 2016 revenues of $6.829 billion

GAAP net income in the fourth quarter 2017 was $0.07 per diluted share, as compared to GAAP net income of $0.46 per diluted share in the fourth quarter 2016 and a GAAP net income of $0.47 per diluted share in the third quarter 2017.  

Full year 2017 GAAP net income was $0.49 per diluted share, as compared to 2016 GAAP net income of $0.09 per diluted share.       

Adjusted net income (a non-GAAP measure) in the fourth quarter 2017 was $0.88 per diluted share, as compared to $0.79 per diluted share for the fourth quarter 2016, and third quarter 2017 adjusted net income of $0.80 per diluted share.  

Adjusted net income was $2.72 per diluted share for 2017 as compared to 2016 adjusted net income of $2.86 per diluted share.

A reconciliation of adjusted net income per diluted share to GAAP net income per diluted share is attached to this release and can be found on the Company’s website (www.arris.com).

Cash & Cash Equivalents – The Company ended the fourth quarter 2017 with $511 million of cash resources, as compared to $1.413 billion at the end of the third quarter 2017.

The Company used $822 million of cash resources to acquire the Ruckus Networks business and cash-out unvested equity awards held by transferring employees during the fourth quarter 2017, as required by the purchase agreement. 

The Company repurchased 1.9 million ordinary shares for $50 million during the fourth quarter of 2017.  For full year 2017, the Company repurchased 7.5 million ordinary shares for $197 million.  As of December 31, 2017, the Company had $225 million remaining in available repurchase authorization.

The Company consumed $77.8 million of cash in operating activities during the fourth quarter 2017, including $61.5 million of employee equity payouts as part of the Ruckus Networks acquisition.  This compares to $35.3 million generated during the fourth quarter 2016. For full year 2017, the Company generated $534 million of cash from operating activities as compared to $362 million generated during the full year 2016.

Order backlog at the end of the fourth quarter 2017 was $1.121 billion as compared to $1.106 billion and $1.083 billion at the end of the fourth quarter 2016 and the third quarter 2017, respectively. The Company’s book-to-bill ratio in the fourth quarter 2017 was 1.02 as compared to the fourth quarter 2016 of 1.04 and the third quarter 2017 of 0.86.

ARRIS management will conduct a conference call at 5:00 pm EDT, today, Wednesday, February 14, 2018, to discuss fourth quarter 2017 results and first quarter and full year 2018 guidance. You may participate in this conference call by dialing 888-655-5028 or 503-343-6025 for international calls prior to the start of the call.  Please note that ARRIS will not accept any calls related to this earnings release until after the conclusion of the conference call. A replay of the conference call can be accessed approximately two hours after the call through February 21, 2018, by dialing 855-859-2056 or 404-537-3406 for international calls and using the pass code 9197819. A replay also will be made available for a period of 12 months following the conference call on ARRIS’ website at www.arris.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements made in this press release, including those related to revenues and net income for the first quarter and full year 2018, growth expectations, cost initiatives, the general market outlook and industry trends are forward-looking statements. These statements involve risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in these statements.  Among other things:

  • projected results for the first quarter and full year 2018 are based on preliminary estimates, assumptions and projections that management believes to be reasonable at this time, but are beyond management’s control;
  • the anticipated benefits from the Ruckus Networks acquisition may not be realized;
  • the Company may encounter significant integration costs and unknown liabilities in connection with the Ruckus Networks acquisition;
  • volatility in component pricing and supply could impact revenues and gross margins more than currently anticipated;
  • failure to receive clearance from U.S. Customs and Border Protection to allow the import and sale of certain products currently subject to an ITC exclusion order could significantly impact financial results;
  • volatility in currency fluctuation may adversely impact our international customers’ ability or willingness to purchase products and the pricing of products;
  • impacts of the U.K. invoking Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty to leave the European Union, could have an adverse impact on results of operations;
  • regulatory changes, including those related to recently completed changes to the U.S. income tax code, could have an adverse impact on operations and results of operations; 
  • the impact of litigation and similar regulatory proceedings that we are involved in or may become involved in, including the costs of such litigation; and
  • the Company’s customers operate in a capital intensive consumer-based industry, and volatility in the capital markets or changes in customer spending may adversely impact their ability or willingness to purchase the products that the Company offers.

These factors are not intended to be an all-encompassing list of risks and uncertainties that may affect the Company’s business and results from operations. Additional information regarding these and other factors can be found in the Company’s reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2017. In providing forward-looking statements, the Company expressly disclaims any obligation to update these statements publicly or otherwise, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

About ARRIS
ARRIS International plc (NASDAQ: ARRS) is powering a smart, connected world. The company’s leading hardware, software and services transform the way that people and businesses stay informed, entertained and connected. For more information, visit www.arris.com.

For the latest ARRIS news:

ARRIS and the ARRIS Logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of ARRIS Enterprises, Inc.  All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.  © 2018 ARRIS Enterprises, Inc. All rights reserved.  

 

ARRIS INTERNATIONAL PLC

PRELIMINARY CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

December 31,

September 30,

June 30,

March 31,

December 31,

2017

2017

2017

2017

2016

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$487,573

$1,379,827

$1,346,028

$1,126,248

$980,123

Short-term investments, at fair value

23,874

33,309

38,759

90,673

115,553

Total cash, cash equivalents and short term investments

511,447

1,413,136

1,384,787

1,216,921

1,095,676

Accounts receivable, net

1,218,088

1,056,225

991,539

1,069,771

1,359,430

Other receivables 

158,970

145,658

132,742

57,454

73,193

Inventories, net

819,373

775,142

657,881

556,264

551,541

Prepaid income taxes

28,351

41,780

16,354

21,845

51,476

Prepaids

26,644

27,954

32,149

27,898

21,163

Other current assets

145,953

109,567

119,405

132,338

127,593

Total current assets

2,908,826

3,569,462

3,334,857

3,082,491

3,280,072

Property, plant and equipment, net 

372,467

347,506

355,033

354,050

353,377

Goodwill

2,278,512

2,016,580

2,014,550

2,018,012

2,016,169

Intangible assets, net

1,771,363

1,406,591

1,491,103

1,586,187

1,677,178

Investments

71,082

73,199

61,047

65,035

72,932

Deferred income taxes

115,435

193,703

199,102

190,037

298,757

Other assets

101,858

57,246

54,843

58,919

59,877

$7,619,543

$7,664,287

$7,510,535

$7,354,731

$7,758,362

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$1,201,094

$1,266,214

$1,201,883

$1,020,234

$1,048,904

Accrued compensation, benefits and related taxes

155,966

102,222

81,355

73,220

139,794

Accrued warranty

44,507

45,036

44,812

46,330

49,618

Deferred revenue

115,223

118,598

130,454

145,197

132,128

Current portion of LT debt & financing lease obligations

83,559

89,156

89,336

82,767

82,734

Income taxes payable

6,897

4,420

9,487

20,278

23,133

Other accrued liabilities

320,211

327,099

303,013

300,861

357,823

Total current liabilities

1,927,458

1,952,745

1,860,340

1,688,887

1,834,134

Long-term debt & financing lease obligations, net of current portion

2,116,244

2,112,494

2,134,506

2,159,300

2,180,009

Accrued pension

42,637

54,867

55,532

54,809

52,652

Noncurrent income taxes

144,665

115,434

114,187

120,493

123,344

Deferred income taxes

68,888

83,058

83,516

89,260

223,529

Other noncurrent liabilities

134,519

118,420

120,381

112,977

117,957

Total liabilities

4,434,412

4,437,018

4,368,462

4,225,726

4,531,625

Stockholders’ equity:

Ordinary shares

2,768

2,788

2,786

2,802

2,831

Capital in excess of par value

3,387,128

3,367,940

3,356,183

3,322,803

3,314,707

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

4,552

8,838

2,211

10,628

3,291

Accumulated deficit

(224,784)

(188,375)

(256,705)

(243,207)

(132,013)

         Total ARRIS International plc stockholders’ equity

3,169,664

3,191,191

3,104,475

3,093,026

3,188,816

Stockholders’ equity attributable to noncontrolling interest

15,467

36,078

37,598

35,979

37,921

Total stockholders’ equity

3,185,131

3,227,269

3,142,073

3,129,005

3,226,737

$7,619,543

$7,664,287

$7,510,535

$7,354,731

$7,758,362

 

 

 ARRIS INTERNATIONAL PLC

 PRELIMINARY CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

For the Three Months

For the Twelve Months

Ended December 31,

Ended December 31,

2017

2016

2017

2016

Net sales

$1,738,593

$1,759,223

$6,614,392

$6,829,118

Cost of sales

1,244,124

1,323,222

4,948,153

5,121,501

Gross margin

494,469

436,001

1,666,239

1,707,617

Operating expenses:

Selling, general, and administrative expenses

140,653

115,597

473,619

454,190

Research and development expenses

141,441

132,401

539,094

584,909

Amortization of intangible assets

100,588

100,046

375,407

397,464

Integration, acquisition, restructuring and other costs

67,734

15,450

98,356

160,337

Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets

55,000

55,000

505,417

363,494

1,541,477

1,596,900

Operating (loss) income 

(10,948)

72,507

124,762

110,717

Other expense (income):

Interest expense

23,850

20,985

87,088

79,817

Loss on investments

2,088

7,788

11,066

21,194

Loss (gain) on foreign currency

4,188

(22,151)

9,757

(13,982)

Interest income

(1,978)

(1,623)

(7,976)

(4,395)

Other (income) expense, net

(402)

(7,601)

1,873

3,991

Income (loss) before income taxes

(38,693)

75,109

22,952

24,092

Income tax (benefit) expense 

(31,656)

(10,937)

(44,268)

15,131

Consolidated net (loss) income 

(7,038)

86,046

67,221

8,961

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

(20,604)

(2,237)

(25,903)

(9,139)

Net income attributable to ARRIS International plc

$13,566

$88,283

$93,124

$18,100

Net income per ordinary share (1):

Basic

$          0.07

$              0.46

$           0.50

$         0.09

Diluted

$          0.07

$              0.46

$           0.49

$         0.09

Weighted average ordinary shares:

Basic

186,548

190,145

187,133

190,701

Diluted

188,829

192,400

189,616

192,185

(1)  Calculated based on net income (loss) attributable to shareowners of ARRIS International plc

 

 

ARRIS INTERNATIONAL PLC

PRELIMINARY CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

For the Three Months

For the Twelve Months

Ended December 31,

Ended December 31,

2017

2016

2017

2016

Operating Activities:

Consolidated net (loss) income 

$         (7,038)

$         86,046

$       67,221

$         8,961

Depreciation

22,855

21,764

88,195

90,577

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

102,455

102,647

382,416

404,475

Amortization of deferred finance fees and debt discount

2,339

1,915

7,960

7,705

Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets

55,000

55,000

2,200

Deferred income taxes

(29,449)

(53,600)

(65,989)

(148,418)

Foreign currency remeasurement of deferred income taxes

320

(16,356)

10,490

(16,356)

Stock compensation expense

18,706

15,997

81,557

60,049

Provision for non-cash warrants

(8,145)

16,265

30,159

Provision for doubtful accounts

(7)

246

(566)

1,386

Loss on disposal of plant, property and equipment and other

1,187

3,828

7,063

8,706

Loss on investments and others

2,088

7,788

11,065

21,194

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation plans

(16,525)

(20,085)

Changes in operating assets & liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and disposals:

Accounts receivable

(129,282)

(256,788)

175,930

(258,677)

Other receivables

(13,312)

(27,737)

(85,777)

(31,517)

Inventories

3,989

51,515

(218,744)

282,644

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

(88,913)

69,859

43,524

(178,086)

Prepaids and other, net

(10,568)

28,435

(25,508)

97,578

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

(77,775)

35,299

533,837

362,495

Investing Activities:

Purchases of investments

(243)

(71,688)

(68,493)

(141,543)

Sales of investments

10,000

22,605

165,301

25,931

Purchases of property, plant & equipment, net

(15,683)

(26,114)

(78,072)

(66,760)

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(760,802)

(760,802)

(340,118)

Purchases of intangible assets

(2,216)

(6,422)

(5,526)

Other, net

826

3,507

Net cash used in investing activities

(766,728)

(77,413)

(747,662)

(524,509)

Financing Activities:

Proceeds from issuance of debt

145,533

175,847

800,000

Payment of accounts receivable financing facility

(23,546)

Payment of financing lease obligation

(187)

(201)

(777)

(758)

Payment of debt obligations

(145,033)

(22,375)

(244,009)

(319,750)

Payment for deferred financing costs and debt discount

(4,499)

(5,961)

(2,304)

Repurchase of shares 

(50,000)

(196,965)

(178,035)

Excess income tax benefits from stock-based compensation plans

16,525

20,085

Repurchase of shares to satisfy employee minimum tax withholdings

(214)

(163)

(26,573)

(17,925)

Proceeds from issuance of shares, net

8,846

8,570

17,469

12,885

Contribution from noncontrolling interest

3,500

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

(45,554)

2,356

(277,469)

290,652

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(2,197)

(12,097)

(1,256)

(12,097)

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

(892,254)

(51,855)

(492,550)

116,541

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

1,379,827

1,031,978

980,123

863,582

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$       487,573

$       980,123

$      487,573

$      980,123

 

 

ARRIS INTERNATIONAL PLC

PRELIMINARY ADJUSTED SALES & NET INCOME RECONCILIATION

(in thousands, except per share data) (unaudited)

Q4 2016

Q3 2017

Q4 2017

DEC YTD 2016

DEC YTD 2017

Amount

Per Diluted Share

Amount

Per Diluted Share

Amount

Per Diluted Share

Amount

Per Diluted Share

Amount

Per Diluted Share

Sales

$1,759,223

$1,728,524

$1,738,593

$6,829,118

$6,614,392

Highlighted items:
    Reduction in revenue related to warrants

16,265

3,064

(8,145)

30,159

Acquisition accounting impacts of deferred revenue

1,120

1,120

Adjusted sales 

$1,775,488

$1,731,588

$1,731,568

$6,859,277

$6,615,512

Net income attributable to ARRIS International plc

$         88,283

$    0.46

$         88,320

$    0.47

$         13,566

$    0.07

$         18,100

$    0.09

$         93,124

$           0.49

Highlighted Items:
Impacting gross margin:

Stock compensation expense

2,388

0.01

3,897

0.02

3,303

0.02

9,397

0.05

13,947

0.07

Reduction in revenue related to warrants

16,265

0.08

3,064

0.02

(8,145)

(0.04)

30,159

0.16

Acquisition accounting impacts of deferred revenue

1,120

0.01

1,120

0.01

Acquisition accounting impacts of fair valuing inventory

581

0.00

7,560

0.04

51,405

0.27

8,468

0.04

Impacting operating expenses:

Integration, acquisition, restructuring and other costs

7,922

0.04

10,836

0.06

67,734

0.36

152,810

0.80

98,356

0.52

Amortization of intangible assets

100,046

0.52

90,162

0.48

100,588

0.53

397,464

2.07

375,407

1.98

Impairment on goodwill and intangible assets

55,000

0.29

55,000

0.29

Stock compensation expense

13,608

0.07

16,316

0.09

15,403

0.08

50,652

0.26

66,711

0.35

Noncontrolling interest share of non-GAAP adj

(807)

(711)

(20,026)

(0.11)

(3,145)

(0.02)

(22,352)

(0.12)

Impacting other (income)/expense:

Impairment (gain) on investments

4,446

0.02

(1,821)

(0.01)

12,297

0.06

929

0.00

Debt amendment fees

3,069

0.02

(237)

5,851

0.03

Credit facility – ticking fees

(9)

FX contract losses related to cash consideration of Pace acquisition

1,610

0.01

Remeasurement of certain deferred tax liabilities

(16,356)

(0.09)

3,569

0.02

851

(16,356)

(0.09)

9,359

0.05

France R&D tax credit

(4,992)

(0.03)

Impacting income tax expense:

Foreign withholding tax

54,741

0.28

Net tax items

(58,513)

(0.30)

(62,698)

(0.33)

(73,038)

(0.39)

(208,524)

(1.09)

(189,884)

(1.00)

Total highlighted items

64,588

0.34

62,614

0.33

153,419

0.81

532,264

2.77

422,912

2.23

Adjusted net income 

$      152,871

$    0.79

$      150,934

$    0.80

$      166,985

$    0.88

$      550,364

$    2.86

$      516,036

$           2.72

Weighted average ordinary shares – basic

190,145

187,064

186,548

190,701

187,133

Weighted average ordinary shares – diluted

192,400

188,941

188,829

192,185

189,616

 

 

ARRIS INTERNATIONAL PLC

PRELIMINARY SUPPLEMENTAL GAAP TO ADJUSTED SALES & GROSS MARGIN RECONCILIATION

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

Q4 2016

Q3 2017

Q4 2017

FY 2016

FY 2017

Sales – GAAP

1,759,220

1,728,524

1,738,593

6,829,110

6,614,392

Fair Value of Warrants Adjustment

16,264

3,064

(8,145)

30,159

Fair Value of Deferred Revenue Adjustment

1,120

1,120

Adjusted Sales – Non- GAAP

1,775,485

1,731,588

1,731,569

6,859,270

6,615,513

GAAP Gross Margin

435,997

431,155

494,469

1,707,609

1,666,239

Fair Value of Inventory Adjustment

580

7,560

51,405

8,468

Fair Value of Deferred Revenue Adjustment

1,120

1,120

Equity Compensation

2,388

3,897

3,303

9,397

13,947

Fair Value of Warrants Adjustment

16,264

3,064

(8,145)

30,159

Adjusted Gross Margin – Non-GAAP

455,229

438,116

498,307

1,798,569

1,689,774

GAAP Gross Margin – %

24.8%

24.9%

28.4%

25.0%

25.2%

Adjusted Gross Margin – Non-GAAP –  %

25.6%

25.3%

28.8%

26.2%

25.5%

 

 

ARRIS INTERNATIONAL PLC

PRELIMINARY SUPPLEMENTAL GAAP TO ADJUSTED SALES & DIRECT CONTRIBUTION RECONCILIATION

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

Q4 2017

Network &

 Cloud

CPE

Enterprise

Corp/ Other

Total

Net Sales

595,842

1,089,981

45,749

7,021

1,738,593

Non GAAP Adjustments (1)

(7,021)

(7,021)

Adjusted Net Sales

595,842

1,089,981

45,749

0

1,731,572

Direct Contribution(2)

262,868

123,678

6,094

(180,265)

212,375

Non GAAP Adjustments (3)

19,241

19,241

Adjusted Direct Contribution

262,868

123,678

6,094

(161,024)

231,616

Direct Contribution % of sales

44.1%

11.3%

13.3%

13.4%

(1)  Impact of warrants adjustment and adjustment related to acquisition accounting impacts

(2) Defined as gross margin less direct operating expenses, excluding amortization of intangible assets, restructuring charges, acquisition, integration and other costs.

(3) Equity compensation expense, adjustments related to the acquisition accounting impacts and warrants adjustment

 

 

ARRIS INTERNATIONAL PLC

PRELIMINARY SUPPLEMENTAL GAAP TO ADJUSTED EPS GUIDANCE RECONCILIATION 

(in millions, except per share data)

Q1 2018 Guidance 

FY 2018 Guidance 

Estimated GAAP EPS 

$ (0.43) – $ (0.38)

$ 0.48 – $ 0.73

Reconciling Items:

Amortization of Intangibles

0.63

2.12

Stock Compensation Expense

0.11

0.50

Integration and Other Costs

0.12

0.15

Purchase Accounting Items

0.15

0.20

Impairment of Goodwill and Intangible assets

0.04

0.04

Net Tax items

(0.12)

(0.69)

Subtotal

0.93

2.32

Estimated Adjusted (Non-GAAP) EPS

$ 0.50 – $ 0.55

$ 2.80 – $ 3.05

 

Notes to GAAP to Adjusted Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Company reports its financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP” or referred to herein as “reported”). However, management believes that certain non-GAAP financial measures provide management and other users with additional meaningful financial information that should be considered when assessing our ongoing performance. Our management regularly uses our supplemental non-GAAP financial measures internally to understand, manage and evaluate our business and make operating decisions. These non-GAAP measures are among the factors management uses in planning for and forecasting future periods.  Non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed in addition to, and not as an alternative to, the Company’s reported results prepared in accordance with GAAP.  Our non-GAAP financial measures reflect adjustments based on the following items, as well as the related income tax effects:

Reduction in Revenue Related to Warrants:    We entered into agreements with two customers for the issuance of warrants to purchase up to 14.0 million of ARRIS’s ordinary shares. Vesting of the warrants is subject to certain purchase volume commitments, and therefore the accounting guidance requires that we record any change in the fair value of warrants as a reduction in revenue. Until final vesting, changes in the fair value of the warrants will be marked to market and any adjustment recorded in revenue. We have excluded the effect of the implied fair value in calculating our non-GAAP financial measures. We believe it is useful to understand the effects of these items on our total revenues and gross margin.

Stock-Based Compensation Expense: We have excluded the effect of stock-based compensation expenses in calculating our non-GAAP operating expenses and net income (loss) measures. Although stock-based compensation is a key incentive offered to our employees, we continue to evaluate our business performance excluding stock-based compensation expenses. We record non-cash compensation expense related to grants of restricted stock units. Depending upon the size, timing and the terms of the grants, the non-cash compensation expense may vary significantly but will recur in future periods.

Acquisition Accounting Impacts Related to Deferred Revenue:  In connection with our acquisition of Ruckus Networks, business combination rules require us to account for the fair values of arrangements for which acceptance has not been obtained, and post contract support in our purchase accounting.  The non-GAAP adjustment to our sales and cost of sales is intended to include the full amounts of such revenues.  We believe the adjustment to these revenues is useful as a measure of the ongoing performance of our business.  We have historically experienced high renewal rates related to our support agreements and our objective is to increase the renewal rates on acquired post contract support agreements; however, we cannot be certain that our customers will renew our contracts

Acquisition Accounting Impacts Related to Inventory Valuation:    In connection with the accounting related to our acquisitions, business combinations rules require the acquired inventory be recorded at fair value on the opening balance sheet. This is different from historical cost. Essentially we are required to write the inventory up to end customer price less a reasonable margin as a distributor. We have excluded the resulting adjustments in inventory and cost of goods sold as the historic and forward gross margin trends will differ as a result of the adjustments. We believe it is useful to understand the effects of this on cost of goods sold and margin.

Integration, Acquisition, Restructuring Costs and Other Costs:  We have excluded the effect of acquisition, integration, and other expenses and the effect of restructuring expenses in calculating our non-GAAP operating expenses and net income (loss) measures. We incurred expenses in connection with the ActiveVideo, Pace Combination and pending Ruckus Networks acquisition, which we generally would not otherwise incur in the periods presented as part of our continuing operations. Acquisition and integration expenses consist of transaction costs, costs for transitional employees, other acquired employee related costs, and integration related outside services. Restructuring expenses consist of employee severance and abandoned facilities. We believe it is useful to understand the effects of these items on our total operating expenses.

Amortization of Intangible Assets: We have excluded the effect of amortization of intangible assets in calculating our non-GAAP operating expenses and net income (loss) measures. Amortization of intangible assets is non-cash, and is inconsistent in amount and frequency and is significantly affected by the timing and size of our acquisitions. Investors should note that the use of intangible assets contributed to our revenues earned during the periods presented and will contribute to our future period revenues as well. Amortization of intangible assets will recur in future periods.

Impairment of Goodwill and Intangibles:  We have excluded the effect of the estimated impairment of goodwill and intangible assets in calculating our non-GAAP operating expenses and net income measures.  Although an impairment does not directly impact the Company’s current cash position, such expense represents the declining value of the technology and other intangible assets that were acquired.  We exclude these impairments when significant and they are not reflective of ongoing business and operating results.

Noncontrolling Interest share of Non-GAAP Adjustments: The joint venture formed for the ActiveVideo acquisition is accounted for by ARRIS under the consolidation method.  As a result, the consolidated statements of operations include the revenues, expenses, and gains and losses of the noncontrolling interest.  The amount of net income (loss) related to the noncontrolling interest are reported and presented separately in the consolidated statement of operations.  We have excluded the noncontrolling share of any non GAAP adjusted measures recorded by the venture, as we believe it is useful to understand the effect of excluding this item when evaluating our ongoing performance.  

Impairment (Gain) on Investments:    We have excluded the effects of other-than-temporary impairments and certain gains on investments in calculating our non-GAAP financial measures. We believe it is useful to understand the effect of this non-cash item in our other expense (income).  

Debt Amendment Fees:   In 2017, the Company amended its credit agreement. This debt modification allowed us to improve the terms and conditions of the credit agreement and extend the maturitity of the Term Loan B.  We have excluded the effect of the associated fees in calculating our non-GAAP financial measures. We believe it is useful to understand the effect of this item in our interest expense.

Credit Facility – Ticking Fees:  In connection with our acquisition of Pace, the cash portion of the consideration was funded through debt financing commitments.  A ticking fee was paid to our banks to compensate for the time lag between the commitment allocation on a loan and the actual funding. We have excluded the effect of the ticking fee in calculating our non-GAAP financial measures. We believe it is useful to understand the effect of this item in our other expense (income). 

Foreign Exchange Contract Losses Related to Cash Consideration of Pace Acquisition: In the second quarter of 2015, the Company announced its intent to acquire Pace plc in exchange for stock and cash.  We subsequently entered into foreign exchange forward contracts in order to hedge the foreign currency risk associated with the cash consideration of the Pace acquisition.  These foreign exchange forward contracts were not designated as hedges, and accordingly, all changes in the fair value of these instruments are recognized as a loss (gain) on foreign currency in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.  We believe it is useful to understand the effect of this on our other expense (income). 

Remeasurement of Certain Deferred Tax Liabilities:    The Company recorded a foreign currency remeasurement (gain) loss related to a deferred income tax liability, in the United Kingdom, arising from the assignment of intangibles acquired in the Pace acquisition. This deferred income tax liability is denominated in GBP. The foreign currency remeasurement gain derives from the remeasurement of the GBP deferred income tax liability to the USD, since the date of the acquisition. We have excluded the impact of this gain in the calculation of our non-GAAP measures. We believe it is useful to understand the effect of this item on our total other expense (income).

France R&D Tax Credit:  France R&D tax credits were recorded as an other asset on the date of our acquisition of Pace, as Pace France, a subsidiary of Pace, had a history of losses and did not expect to utilize their R&D Tax Credits against a future France income tax liability but rather expected to use the credits to offset non-income taxes. In the third quarter of 2016, our restructuring in France required a reclassification of the R&D tax credits from other assets to deferred tax assets prior to the utilization of the tax credits.  This impact of the reclassification was a charge to other expense with an offsetting tax benefit.  However, during the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company determined that the original classification within income taxes was more appropriate and therefore the reclassification from the third quarter of 2016 reversed.  We have excluded the effect of the other expense and tax benefit in the calculation of our non-GAAP financial measures.  We believe it is useful to understand the effects of this event on our total other expense (income) and income tax.

Foreign Withholding Tax:  In connection with our acquisition of Pace, ARRIS US Holdings, Inc. transferred shares of its subsidiary ARRIS Financing II Sarl to ARRIS International plc.  Under U.S. tax law, based on the best available information, we believe the transfer constituted a deemed distribution from ARRIS U.S. Holdings Inc. to ARRIS International plc that is treated as a dividend for U.S. tax purposes.  A deemed dividend of this type is subject to  U.S. withholding tax to the extent of the current and accumulated earnings and profits (as computed for tax purposes) (“E&P”) of ARRIS U.S. Holdings Inc., which include the E&P of the former ARRIS Group, Inc. and subsidiaries through December 31, 2016.  Accordingly, ARRIS U.S. Holdings Inc. remitted U.S. withholding tax in the amount of $55 million based upon its estimated E&P of $1.1 billion and the U.S. dividend withholding tax rate of 5 percent (as provided in Article 10 (Dividends) of the United Kingdom-United States Tax Treaty).  We have excluded the withholding tax in calculating our non-GAAP financial measures.

Income Tax Expense (Benefit):    We have excluded the tax effect of the non-GAAP items mentioned above. Additionally, we have excluded the effects of certain tax adjustments related to tax and legal restructuring, state valuation allowances, research and development tax credits and provision to return differences.

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SOURCE ARRIS